lunes, 21 de junio de 2010

Extraño Fruto ... (Strange Fruit)



En 1862 finaliza la guerra civil en los Estados Unidos, conflicto que enfrento a los Estados del Norte (liberales - industriales) y los Estados del Sur (esclavistas - agrarios).
A pesar de vencer los Estados del Norte y abolirse la esclavitud, el sometimiento y la discriminación de la población Afroamericana siguió vigente.
Una práctica muy común durante esos años era el linchamiento público de personas por creérsele autoras de algún delito.
De mas esta decir que pocas veces existía juicio previo y en el mejor de los casos se hacia una especie de asamblea popular comanda por las autoridades blancas dueñas del poder.
Desde 1882 a 1901, se mataron con esta metodologia un promedio de 150 personas por año.
El 88% de las víctimas de linchamientos eran personas de color, y tan sólo un 10% blancas. El 59% de estos linchamientos tuvo lugar en los Estados del Sur.

El tema Strange Frut -Extraña Fruta- es un tema entonado por la cantante Afroamericana Billie Holiday y escrito por Abel Meerpol.
En este tema de Jazz se relata el momento posterior a uno de estos linchamientos.
Expresa el profundo sentimiento y sentido de pertenencia que tuvo toda una generación de músicos de Jazz Afroamericanos, llegaron a ser famosos y marcaron una época sin nunca olvidar sus raíces.




Strange fruit
Extraño Fruto

(Clik para escuchar)



Southern trees bear strange fruit,
Blood on the leaves and blood at the root,
Black bodies swinging in the southern breeze,
Strange fruit hanging from the poplar trees.


- Árboles sureños cargan extraños frutos,
Sangre en las hojas, y sangre en la raíz,
Cuerpos negros se balancean a la brisa sureña
Extraños frutos penden de los tuliperos. -


Pastoral scene of the gallant south,
The bulging eyes and the twisted mouth,
Scent of magnolias,
sweet and fresh,
Then the sudden smell of burning flesh.


- Escena pastoral del galante sur,
Los ojos saltones y la boca retorcida,
Perfume de magnolias, dulce y fresco,
Y el repentino olor de carne quemada. -

Here is fruit for the crows to pluck,
For the rain to gather, for the wind to suck,
For the sun to rot,for the trees to drop,
Here is a strange and bitter crop.


Aquí está el fruto (que alardea coraje) para que arranquen los cuervos,
Para que la lluvia tome, para que el viento chupe,
Para que el sol descomponga, para que los árboles suelten,
Esta es una extraña y amarga cosecha.





Matias
JUNTA PERMANENTE
Negros por fuera y por dentro...

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